St-Basil-the-GreatThe mind is a wonderful thing, and therein we possess that which is after the image of the Creator.

[…] In it there are two faculties….

One of these is evil: that of the demons which draws us on to their own apostasy.

The other is divine and the good, which brings us to the likeness of God.

When, therefore, the mind remains alone and unaided, it contemplates small things, commensurate with itself.

When it yields to those who deceive it, it nullifies its proper judgment, and is concerned with monstrous fancies.

Then it considers wood to be no longer wood, but a god; then it looks on gold no longer as money, but as an object of worship.

If on the other hand it assents to its diviner part, and accepts the boons of the Spirit, then, so far as its nature admits, it becomes perceptive of the divine.

There are, as it were, three conditions of life, and three operations of the mind.

Our ways may be wicked, and the movements of our mind wicked; such as adulteries, thefts, idolatries, slanders, strife, passion, sedition, vain-glory, and all that the apostle Paul enumerates among the works of the flesh (Gal. 5:19-21).

Or the soul’s operation is, as it were, in a mean, and has nothing about it either damnable or laudable, as the perception of such mechanical crafts as we commonly speak of as indifferent, and, of their own character, inclining neither towards virtue nor towards vice.

[…] But the mind which is impregnated with the Godhead of the Spirit is at once capable of viewing great objects.

It beholds the divine beauty, though only so far as grace imparts and its nature receives.

[…] The judgment of our mind is given us for the understanding of the truth.  Now our God is the very truth.

So the primary function of our mind is to know one God, but to know Him so far as the infinitely great can be known by the very small.

[…] If the mind has been injured by devils it will be guilty of idolatry, or will be perverted to some other form of impiety.

But if it has yielded to the aid of the Spirit, it will have understanding of the truth, and will know God.

But it will know Him, as the Apostle says, in part; and in the life to come more perfectly.

For “when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away.” (1 Cor. 13:10).

Basil the Great (330-379): Letter 233 (to Amphilochius).

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