St Paul says, In order that, as Christ rose again from the dead through the glory of the Father, so also you might walk in newness of life.

So then, the newness of life by which we live in Christ through faith in his resurrection is attributed to the Lord, since it began with him not with us.

And for that reason, whether we live, we live to the Lord; whether we die, we die to the Lord. So then, whether we live or whether we die, we are the Lord’s.

He calls “death” that by which we have died to sin, having been buried together with Christ and baptized into his death.

And he calls “life” that by which we have become strangers to this world.

We who are alive from the dead live not for ourselves, that is for the flesh, but for God, as Paul adds: For to this end Christ died and lived, so that he might be Lord of the dead and the living.

He says that Christ has died, doubtless by the dispensation of suffering; but he lives through the mystery of the resur­rection.

Whence also he has left a pattern for us: first of suffering and mortification, then later of resurrection and newness of life.

It is accepted that Christ’s dominion is over all creation in two ways…. As the Creator of all things and bear­ing authority over all things, he holds all things under subjec­tion by the force of his majesty and by the compulsion of power.

[…] But there is another way by which, as the Good and the Son of the good Father, he does not want to influence rational spir­its toward obedience to his Law by compulsion, but he waits for them to seek the Good willingly and come of their own accord.

It is for this reason, after all, that he thinks it worthy to go to death, so that he might leave behind a pattern of obedience and a type of dying for those who are willing to die to sin and to the vices.

Thus the Apostle writes in the present passage that the reason he died and lived was that he might be Lord over both the living and the dead:

of the living, that is those who, by the pattern of his resurrection, lead a new and heavenly life on earth;

of the dead, doubtless those who carry around the mortification of Christ in their own body and who put to death their own members that are on the earth.

Origen Adamantius (c.185-254): Commentary on Romans 9.39.2-4; Fathers of the Church series 104 (2002) tr. Thomas P. Scheck, from the Monastic Office of Vigils, Wednesday of the Fourth Week of Ordinary Time, Year I.