Zacchaeus admits his greed and resolves to cleanse himself, to sanctify his property and his heart with abundant almsgiving. The Lord is quick to accept Zacchaeus’s repentance.
[…] Incomprehensible to fleshly minds was and still is the mystery of redemption, which heals all human sins with equal power and ease, both the little and the great, and wrenches sinners from any destroying abyss, no matter how deep that abyss may be.
For such an amazing work, faith in a Redeemer and sincere repentance is demanded of a person.
[…] Explaining the unfathomable, and revealing the boundless power of redemption, the Lord said: the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.
Having taken humanity upon Himself, God, whom man neither sought nor called, came out of His own inexpressible goodness to seek and to save the human race, lost because of its alienation from God.
He came to seek and to save every person drawn to destruction by sin, if only that person would not reject God, Who seeks and wishes to save him.
The Holy Gospels can be compared to a mirror. Each of us can see, if we so desire, the state of our soul reflected in them, and find that all-powerful healing offered to us by the all-powerful doctor, God.
The God-Son calls Himself the Son of man, because He took on human form and lived among human beings, not differing in appearance from them in any way. This is the result of infinite divine love and inexpressible divine humility.
The Son of man—we’ll say in the manner of humans—had the right to forgive all of people’s sins as One Who brought Himself, the all-perfect God, as a redeeming sacrifice for mankind; and as the One Who destroyed all human sins, of both little and great significance, at an immense, immeasurably significant, redeeming price.
The judgment of the Son of Man over people, as we see in the Gospels, is completely different from that of ordinary human beings, who judge their neighbors out of their own righteousness—a righteousness rejected of God and corrupted by sin.
The Savior has justified all sinners who received redemption through repentance and faith—although other people condemned them.
[…] We have seen this sinner, condemned by people, justified by God for his faith and true repentance. This is a consoling, encouraging scene!
And as He faithfully promised, the Savior still abides among us; He still heals our souls wounded by sin.
And His Divine ordinance has not passed away: The Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.
Ignatius Brianchaninov (1807–1867; Russian Orthodox): Homily on the 32nd Sunday after Pentecost, on Zacchaeus, translated by Nun Cornelia Rees @ Pravoslavie